Production of sugarcane and tropical grasses as a renewable energy source by University of Puerto Rico. Center for Energy and Environment Research

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Published by Dept. of Energy, for sale by the National Technical Information Service in [Washington], Springfield, Va .

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  • Sugarcane,
  • Grasses

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Statementby the University of Puerto Rico, Center for Energy and Environment Research, through the Office of the President, University of Puerto Rico
SeriesTID ; 29427
ContributionsUniversity of Puerto Rico (Río Piedras Campus). Agricultural Experiment Station, United States. Dept. of Energy. Oak Ridge Operations Office, United States. Dept. of Energy. Fuels from Biomass Systems Branch
The Physical Object
Paginationv. :
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL14882050M

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Get this from a library. Production of sugarcane and tropical grasses as a renewable energy source. [Center for Energy and Environment Research (San Juan, P.R.); United States.

Department of Energy.] -- Tropical grasses from Saccharum and related genera are being evaluated as candidates for intensive production of solar-dried biomass.

@article{osti_, title = {Production of sugarcane and tropical grasses as a renewable energy source. Third quarterly report, December 1, Febru }, author = {Alexander, A G}, abstractNote = {Research continued on tropical grasses from Saccharum and related genera as sources of intensively-propagated fiber and fermentable solids.

@article{osti_, title = {Production of sugarcane and tropical grasses as a renewable energy source. First and second quarterly reports, }, author = {Alexander, A.G. and Allison, W. and Garcia, M.}, abstractNote = {Research continued on tropical grasses from Saccharum and related genera as sources of intensively-produced fiber and fermentable solids.

SUGARCANE AS A SOURCE OF BIOMASS by A.G. Alexander. INTRODUCTION. Since the early s, the need to diversify the cane sugar industry has become progressively acute (Alexander, a,b, and a).

Substitution of cane with alternative farm commodities is an obvious answer in some circumstances. Sugarcane, or sugar cane, or simply cane, are several species of tall perennial true grasses of the genus Saccharum, tribe Andropogoneae, used for sugar plant is two to six metres (six to twenty feet) tall.

It has stout, jointed, fibrous stalks that are rich in sucrose, which accumulates in the stalk ane belongs to the grass family Poaceae, an.

Biofuels for transport represent the major fraction of bioenergy production worldwide. Biofuels are primarily produced from food crops with high content of sugar and starch, such as corn and sugarcane to produce ethanol, and oil seeds to produce biodiesel ().These first generation technologies have been the first significant step of transition away from the traditional fossil fuels.

Initially, economic and strategic security reasons were the driving force of Brazil’s ethanol production from sugarcane program, but later, when the debate on the planet’s environment sustainability was opened, it was realized that it was the most successful program of renewable energy from biomass so far carried out (e.g., [8, 9]).Cited by: Production of sugarcane and tropical grasses as a renewable energy source.

First and second quarterly reports to the DOE, Fuels from Biomass Systems Branch, Year 3, Recommended articles Citing articles (0)Cited by: Evolution of production costs and productivity of sugarcane and anhydrous ethanol from / to /; Central/South Brazil (/ =.

Sugarcane as an energy source. Sugarcane is widely cultivated in tropical and subtropical countries around the world, with increasing annual production.

sugarcane. The basic raw material for production is a source of renewable carbon. The most important biopolymers are polylactate (PLA), polyhydroxyalkanoate (PHA), starch polymers (PA) and xantane (Xan). According to Pradella (), of all raw materials that are available for biopolymer production, sugarcane has one of the best profiles as a carbon by: In Brazil, sugarcane is the first source of renewable energy, and it accounts for 18% of the national energy matrix (Empresa de Pesquisa Energética-EPE, ).

The production of sugarcane in the country increased times in the last 40 years, reachingtons of sugarcane in – The increased production of sugarcane resulted Cited by: 1.

Biofuels are fuels that are derived from biomass—that is, plant material or animal waste. Since such materials can be replenished readily, biofuels are a renewable source of energy, unlike fossil fuels, such as petroleum, coal, and natural gas. Some long-exploited biofuels, such as wood, can be used directly as a raw material that is burned.

Abstract. Biomass is one of the alternatives of renewable energy to aid in the mitigation of greenhouse gases. Sugarcane, traditionally grown in the tropics and subtropics for sugar production, and lately ethanol combustible as well, is recognized as one of the most productive biomass : Sizuo Matsuoka, Luis Claudio Silva Rubio.

Sugarcane is a tropical grass of the Poacea family and Saccharum genus and comprises several species although plants presently cultivated are mostly hybrids derived from S. officinarum, S. Sugarcane is an important crop from Poaceae family, contributing about 80% of the total world’s sucrose with an annual value of around US$ billion.

In addition, sugarcane is utilized as a raw material for the production of bioethanol, which is an alternate source of renewable energy. Moving towards sugarcane omics, a remarkable success has been achieved in gene transfer Cited by: 2.

Sugarcane (Saccharum spp) is a perennial tropical grass that originated in Southeast Asia and introduced to the warm tropical and subtropical regions of the Americas in the 's.

The plant is extremely high yielding, producing large quantities of biomass, but production is restricted to subtropical and tropical regions and very few varieties grow well in low-input areas. Rising energy costs has motivated a growing need for substitute sources of energy, of which biofuels exist as renewable alternative fuel source.

Sugarcane, Saccharum spp., with its high photosynthetic efficiency and capabilities in biomass production, holds the great potential as an ideal crop for lignocellulosic biofuel production. However, developing countries with tropical climates may have a comparative advantage in growing energy­rich biomass; and second­ generation technologies could enable expansion of the range of feedstock used from the traditional sugarcane, maize, and rapeseed to grasses and trees that can thrive in less fertile and more drought­prone regions.

Goals / Objectives The goal of this project is to determine the viability of advanced biofuel production in Hawaii. A feedstock supply system, consisting of purpose-grown tropical grasses and harvesting logistics systems, will be developed in parallel with a biochemical conversion route for the production of drop-in hydrocarbon blending components for jet and.

Biofuel, any fuel that is derived from biomass—that is, plant or algae material or animal waste. Since such feedstock material can be replenished readily, biofuel is considered to be a source of renewable energy, unlike fossil fuels such as petroleum, coal, and natural l is commonly advocated as a cost-effective and environmentally benign alternative to petroleum.

These biomass grasses could also make a substantial contribution within the Brazilian energy matrix, serving as an alternative to sugarcane inter-season, when there is no bagasse production.

Although switchgrass and miscanthus could be used in Brazil, there are also a number of other candidate biomass grasses that are already established and Cited by: Sugarcane, not only fulfills 70% of world sugar needs but is also a prime potential source of bioethanol.

It is majorly grown in tropical and subtropical regions. Researchers have improved this grass to great extent and have developed energy cane with ability to accumulate up to 18% sucrose in its Culm. Improvement of this crop is impeded by its complex genome, low fertility, Author: Ghulam Mustafa, Faiz Ahmad Joyia, Sultana Anwar, Aqsa Parvaiz, Muhammad Sarwar Khan.

Sustainable energy is the practice of using energy in a way that "meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs.".

Meeting the world's needs for electricity, heating, cooling, and power for transport in a sustainable way is widely considered to be one of the greatest challenges facing humanity in the 21st century. total worldwide energy consumption in (US DOE, ).

Change in global energy use will require a change in U.S. production and consumption of energy. Issues of global climate change, national energy security, and boosting rural economies provide incentives to produce ethanol and other fuels from bio-based feedstocks that include.

The Economics and Economic Effects of Biofuel Production. The supply of biofuels depends on the availability and price of discussed in Chapter 3, a sufficient quantity of cellulosic biomass could be produced in the United States to meet the Renewable Fuel Standard, as amended in the Energy Independence and Security Act (EISA) of (RFS2) mandate.

The use of biomass as the source of new or renewable energy is supported by an enormous amount of research that has successfully converted the biomass to fuel [1,2]. Literature reviews have reported that biomass-based energy has contributed 14% of world energy consumption, and it keeps increasing annually [3,4].

As an agricultural country Author: Muhammad Djoni Bustan, Sri Haryati, Fitri Hadiah, Selpiana Selpiana, Adri Huda. Sugar beets are a better source, producing nearly two units of energy for every unit used in production.

Sugarcane, though, is by far the most efficient of the current feedstocks—yielding eight times as much energy as is needed to produce the ethanol.

Crop Production Lecture Final I. STUDY. Flashcards. Learn. Write. Spell. Test. PLAY. Perennial grasses used for lawns and sports fields Examples are Kentucky bluegrass, perennial ryegrass, and bent grass Describes production of energy from biological systems Renewable energy source Two types are biomass and biofuel Biomass crops are.

- Most research indicates more energy (i.e. more fossil fuels) is used during production than is created - Energy basis: consumes more fossil fuel than is saved to produce biofuel.

- Deforestation (palm oil plantations in Indonesia) - Environmental issues associated with large mono-crop production (e.g. erosion) - Capacity limitations. Bioethanol Production From High Sugary Corn Genotypes by Decreasing Enzyme Consumption: /ch This is a PhD proposal defended in a session at the Institute of Biological Sciences, Faculty of Science, University of Malaya, Malaysia.

TheCited by: 1. The search for promising and renewable sources of carbohydrates for the production of biofuels and other biorenewables has been stimulated by an increase in global energy demand in the face of growing concern over greenhouse gas emissions and fuel security. In particular, interest has focused on non-food lignocellulosic biomass as a potential source of.

Ethanol could quickly take off in sugarcane-producing tropical countries, which have the advantage of year-round growing seasons, large labor supplies, and low production costs.

As fuel demand rises in these developing nations, biofuel production could check oil imports while bolstering rural economies. The production of biorenewables, particularly liquid biofuels, from lignocellulosic biomass has become a strategic research area because it holds the potential to improve energy security, decrease urban air pollution and reduce CO 2 accumulation in the atmosphere [1, 2].In turn, the biorefining platforms required for biofuels production present an opportunity to stimulate new.

Industrial production of a wide range of value‐added products heavily relies on fossil resources. Lignocellulosic biomass materials are receiving increased attention as a renewable, economical, and abundant alternative to fossil resources for the production of various value‐added products.

Biomass feedstocks utilized for these productions include energy crops, agricultural biomass Author: Sibel Irmak. Sugarcane In The world: Area, Production And Productivity Country Area (million ha) Production (million tons) Productivity (Tons/ha) Brazil India China Thailand Pakistan Mexico Colombia Australia USA Further, using MJ as the energy value of a liter of ethanol and a net energy return on energy invested of (Hill et al., ), Mubako and Lant () concluded that g N, g P, g pesticides, and kg of eroded soil are required.

You can write a book review and share your experiences. Other readers will always be interested in your opinion of the books you've read. Whether you've loved the book or not, if you give your honest and detailed thoughts then people will find new books that are right for them.

Within recent months biofuels have gone from making headline news as being the world's salvation for when the oil runs out to becoming a "crime against humanity." Almost every day the world's media run a story on the topic, often blaming biofuels for all the world's pending disasters.

Even a recent spike in the price of rice was blamed on producing more biofuels whereas, in. An HSUS Report: The Implications of Farm Animal-Based Bioenergy Production 2 known biofuels for transportation are ethanol and biodiesel.9 Ethanol replaces or can be added to gasoline, while biodiesel supplements or replaces petroleum-based diesel fuel Ethanol is the most prevalent and fastest-growing biofuel, with global production currently over 45 billion L (.

The wonders brought by Sugarcane Sugarcane is a form of grass that belongs to Poaceae family. It is native to the regions of the Old World, ranging from warm temperate ones to tropical ones. Sugarcanes have a stout, jointed and fibrous stalk, which can measure 2 to 6 meters in height.

They are rich in sugar and today, are being grown in over countries of the world.Invasive Plant Science and Management — Cultivation of large grasses for bioenergy production is gaining interest as a renewable fuel source.

A sterile hybrid, giant miscanthus, is a promising bioenergy crop that, unfortunately, carries a high establishment cost for growers.

Global interest in sugarcane has increased significantly in recent years due to its economic impact on sustainable energy production. Sugarcane breeding and better agronomic practices have contributed to a huge increase in sugarcane yield in the last 30 years.

Additional increases in sugarcane yield are expected to result from the use of biotechnology tools in the Cited by:

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